What is the difference between the Third Agricultural Revolution and the Green Revolution?

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Question by Awesome: What is the difference between the Third Agricultural Revolution and the Green Revolution?
Is modern agriculture basically industrial agriculture?

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One Response to What is the difference between the Third Agricultural Revolution and the Green Revolution?

  1. The Third Agricultural Revolution >>

    From today’s vantage point it is hard to believe that there was little change in agriculture from the Medieval period until about the middle of this century. Sure, tractors were taking over from the horse, and the binder, reaper, and threshing machine were reducing the work required. Nevertheless, the U.S. horse population didn’t reach its peak until 1914, and crop yields were not all that much better than they were in the Medieval period of about 700 years earlier. The small size is due either to malnutrition or a purposeful breeding to obtain miniature horses for children of the imperial family some centuries ago.

    This third revolution was the most abrupt of the three agricultural revolutions. The delay in the application of the accumulated technology was caused by World War II and then the Korean Conflict.

    Green Revolution >>

    Green Revolution refers to a series of research, development, and technology transfer initiatives, occurring between the 1940s and the late 1970s, that increased agriculture production around the world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s. It forms a part of the ‘neo-colonial’ system of agriculture wherein agriculture was viewed more of a commercial sector than a subsistence one.

    ### Modern agriculture can be of 5 types

    1. Agribusiness

    It is a generic term for the various businesses involved in food production, including farming and contract farming, seed supply, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesale and distribution, processing, marketing, and retail sales.

    2. Industrial agriculture

    Industrial farming is a form of modern farming that refers to the industrialized production of livestock, poultry, fish, and crops. The methods of industrial agriculture are technoscientific, economic, and political. They include innovation in agricultural machinery and farming methods, genetic technology, techniques for achieving economies of scale in production, the creation of new markets for consumption, the application of patent protection to genetic information, and global trade.

    3. Intensive farming

    Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is an agricultural production system characterized by a low fallow ratio and the high use of inputs such as capital, labour, or heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers relative to land area.

    4. Organic farming

    Organic farming is the form of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and biological pest control. Organic farming uses fertilizers and pesticides but excludes or strictly limits the use of manufactured (synthetic) fertilizers, pesticides (which include herbicides, insecticides and fungicides), plant growth regulators such as hormones, livestock antibiotics, food additives, genetically modified organisms, human sewage sludge, and nanomaterials.

    5. Sustainable agriculture

    Sustainable agriculture is the act of farming using principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment.

    June 6, 2014 at 6:29 pm

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